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生态农业建设是科学发展观的具体实践——举办生态农业博览会意义非凡

时间:2010-09-17   编辑:徐鹏   

好展会网  现代农业专题】 <p align="center" style="text-align: center"><b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">一、发展生态农业的意义</span></b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"> </span> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"><b>&nbsp;&nbsp; (</b></span><b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">一<span>) </span>为建设具有中国特色的现代农业找到一条根本途径</span></b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"> </span> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">生态农业吸取我国传统农业的精华和国外农业发展的经验教训<span>, </span>从我国国情出发遵照生态学的原理和应用现代科学技术方法进行农业生产<span>, </span>大大提高了农业生产水平和可持续发展的能力<span>, </span>有力地促进了农业发展战略的转移和加速农业现代化的进程。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"><b>&nbsp;&nbsp; (</b></span><b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">二<span>) </span>有利于农业资源的开发利用和保护<span>, </span>减少对生态环境的污染</span></b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"> </span></span> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 发展生态农业<span>, </span>可以避免对自然资源掠夺式经营和滥用<span>,</span>对农业的可更新资源注意增殖<span>, </span>对不更新资源注意保护和利<span><br /> </span>用<span>, </span>使自然资源能得到持续的利用<span>, </span>促进生态良性循环<span>, </span>为农业经济发展创造良好的生态环境。<span> </span></span> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"><b>&nbsp;&nbsp; (</b></span><b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">三<span>) </span>有利于提高农业生产的综合效益<span>, </span>促进农业长期稳定地发展</span></b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"> </span> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 生态农业能大大提高劳动生产率、土地利用率、土地生产率和资源利用率<span>, </span>从而大大提高经济效益。生态农业能充分合理地利用、保护和增殖自然资源<span>, </span>加速物质循环和能量转化<span>,</span>有显著的生态效益。它又能为社会创造数量多、质量好的多种多样的农产品<span>, </span>满足人们对农产品不断增长的需求。因此生态农业的发展<span>, </span>必将促进整个国民经济的全面发展。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> <p align="center" style="text-align: center"><b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">二、发展生态农业遵循的基本原则</span></b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"> </span></p> <span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"> <p><br /><br />  &nbsp; (<span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">一<span>) </span>全面规划、总体协调原则<span><br /><br />  &nbsp; </span>生态农业不论规模大小<span>, </span>对山、地、水、林、村、路都应实现规划<span>, </span>作好总体布局<span>, </span>合理安排、协调农业内外各部门之间的关系<span>, </span>以期获得<span>&ldquo;</span>三个效益<span>&rdquo;</span>的同时增长。<span><br /><br />  &nbsp; </span></span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">(</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">二<span>) </span>合理利用、增殖资源原则<span><br /><br />  &nbsp; </span>对可更新资源必须合理利用和增殖。对不可更新资源要注意利用和保护<span>, </span>以利资源永续。<span><br /><br />  </span></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"><span>&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp; (</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">三<span>) </span>多业结合、集约经营原则<span><br /><br />  &nbsp; </span>生态农业必须是多业结合<span>, </span>包括农业内部的横向联系和农业外部的纵向联系。实行集约经营<span>, </span>扬长避短<span>, </span>发挥优势。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp; &nbsp; (</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">四<span>) </span>物质循环、多级利用原则<span><br /><br />  &nbsp; </span>所有农业有机物质<span>, </span>包括<span>&ldquo;</span>废物<span>&rdquo;(</span>指死体、残体、排泄物<span>)</span>都实行多次利用、多级利用、循环利用和深度加工等。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;(</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">五<span>) </span>保护环境、改善生态环境原则<span><br /><br />  &nbsp; </span>发展生态农业必须与涵养水土、防止污染、保护资源、改善生态联系起来。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> <p align="left" style="text-align: left"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; (</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">六<span>) </span>正确运用调控原则<span><br /><br />  &nbsp; </span>充分利用自然调控<span>, </span>结合人工调控<span>, </span>使自然生态尽快恢复生机<span>, </span>包括绿化环境<span>, </span>保护资源<span>, </span>保持水土、培肥土壤<span>, </span>防除灾害等。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> <p align="center" style="text-align: center"><b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">三、生态农业建设的基本程序</span></b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"> </span> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"><br /><br />  </span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">可归纳为以下几个步骤<span><img src="http://bbs.haozhanhui.com/editor/images/smilies/default/5.gif" />br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> <p align="left" style="text-align: left"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">第一<span>, </span>调查收集各种本底资料包括自然条件、资源现状、生态环境现状、社会经济条件、市场、交通、人文和农业生产历史资料和现状等<span>;<br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> <p align="left" style="text-align: left"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">第二<span>, </span>分析整理收集基础资料<span>, </span>找出影响农业生产和社会发展的重要限制因子及发展生产的有利条件和优势<span>, </span>总结社会发展和生产实践的经验和教训<span>;<br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> <p align="left" style="text-align: left"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">第三<span>, </span>确定生态农业发展的主要类型、模式和生态农业建设的主要目标、任务和重点解决的问题<span>;<br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> <p align="left" style="text-align: left"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">第四<span>, </span>制定生态农业发展规划和社会经济发展规划<span>, </span>进行效益预测和规划可行性分析<span>;<br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> <p align="left" style="text-align: left"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">第五<span>, </span>制定具体规划和实施计划<span>, </span>并进行具体项目设计<span>;<br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> <p align="left" style="text-align: left"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">第六<span>, </span>宣传、动员和组织农民群众<span>, </span>调动广大农民的积极性<span>, </span>参加生态村的建设。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p align="center" style="text-align: center"><b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">四、生态农业的类型</span></b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"> </span></p> <p align="left" style="text-align: left"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"><br /><br />  &nbsp; </span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">按生态农业的规模大小可分为生态县<span>(</span>市<span>)</span>、生态乡<span>(</span>镇<span>)</span>、生态村、生态户<span>; </span>按自然地理条件可分为山区丘陵型、平原型、沿海型<span>; </span>按农业经营部门可分为生态农业、生态林业、生态牧业、生态渔业等。但不管生态农业的规模如何<span>, </span>他们都是一个农业生产系统<span>, </span>并且是一个结构和功能都优化的生态农业系统。<span> </span></span></p> <span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"> <p align="left" style="text-align: left"><br /><br />  &nbsp; <b>(</b><b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">一<span>) </span>生物主体共生的生态农业系统</span></b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p align="left" style="text-align: left"><br /><br />  &nbsp; 1.<span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">立体种植模型<span>&mdash; &mdash;</span>根据生态系统中栽培作物的种类和空间组合可分为若干模式<span><img src="http://bbs.haozhanhui.com/editor/images/smilies/default/5.gif" />br /><br />  &nbsp; (1) </span>农作物的间作、套作和轮作模式<span>;<br /><br />  &nbsp; (2) </span>林、粮间作的立体种植模式<span>;<br /><br />  &nbsp; (3) </span>林、药间作模式<span>;&nbsp;<br /><br />  &nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;(4) </span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">庭院立体种植模式。<span><br /><br />  </span></span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p align="left" style="text-align: left"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"><span>&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;2. </span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">立体养殖型<span>&mdash;&mdash; </span>指在一特定空间内的养殖动物的层次配置或一定时间内的生产有机配合。如<span><img src="http://bbs.haozhanhui.com/editor/images/smilies/default/5.gif" />br /><br />  &nbsp; (1) </span>陆地立体圈养模式<span>;<br /><br />  &nbsp; (2) </span>水体立体养殖模式<span>;<br /><br />  &nbsp; (3) </span>时间立体养殖模式。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> <p align="left" style="text-align: left"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 3. </span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">立体种养类型<span>&mdash; &mdash;</span>指在一定空间内栽培植物和养殖动物按一定方式配置的生产结构。如<span><img src="http://bbs.haozhanhui.com/editor/images/smilies/default/5.gif" />b><br /> </b>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <b>(</b>1) </span>稻<span>&mdash;</span>萍<span>&mdash;</span>鱼<span>;<b><br /> </b>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <b>(</b>2) </span>稻<span>&mdash;</span>鸭<span>&mdash;</span>鱼<span>;<br /><br />  &nbsp; (3) </span>林<span>&mdash;</span>鸭<span>&mdash;</span>鱼<span>;<br /><br />  &nbsp; (4) </span>林<span>&mdash;</span>畜<span>&mdash;</span>蚯蚓<span>;<br /><br />  &nbsp; (5) </span>苇<span>&mdash;</span>禽<span>&mdash;</span>鱼等。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> <p align="left" style="text-align: left"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <b>(</b></span><b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">二<span>) </span>物质循环利用的生态农业系统</span></b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"> </span> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"><br /><br />  &nbsp; 1.</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">种植业内部物质循环利用类型<span>: </span>该类型主要指在林业、作物及食用菌等生产体系中的物质多级循环利用。主要模式有<span><img src="http://bbs.haozhanhui.com/editor/images/smilies/default/5.gif" />br /><br />  &nbsp; (1) </span>作物<span>&mdash;</span>食用菌循环模式<span>;<br /><br />  &nbsp; (2) </span>林木<span>&mdash;</span>食用菌循环模式。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> <p align="left" style="text-align: left"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 2.</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">养殖业内部物质循环利用类型<span>: </span>这种类型主要是利用家禽生产中的粪便等废弃物<span>, </span>作为畜牧生产中的饲料<span>, </span>而畜牧生产的废弃物再作为某些特种培养动物的营养材料<span>, </span>这种特种培养动物可直接用于家禽的高级蛋白饲料。如<span>:<br /><br />  &nbsp; (1) </span>猪<span>&mdash;</span>蛆<span>&mdash;</span>鸡循环模式<span>;<br /><br />  &nbsp; (2) </span>猪<span>&mdash;</span>蚯蚓<span>&mdash;</span>鸡循环模式。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> <p align="left" style="text-align: left"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 3.</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">种养结合的物质循环利用类型<span>: </span>该类型根据种植作物或养殖动物的种类<span>, </span>营养级数可划分若干模式。如<span>:<br /><br />  &nbsp; (1) </span>禽<span>&mdash;</span>鱼<span>&mdash;</span>作物循环模式<span>;<br /><br />  &nbsp; (2) </span>畜<span>&mdash;</span>鱼<span>&mdash;</span>作物循环模式<span>;<br /><br />  &nbsp; (3) </span>禽<span>&mdash;</span>畜<span>&mdash;</span>鱼<span>&mdash;</span>作物循环模式<span>;<br /><br />  &nbsp; (4) </span>禽<span>&mdash;</span>畜<span>&mdash;</span>鱼<span>&mdash;</span>食用菌循环模式。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> <p align="left" style="text-align: left"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 4.</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">种、养、加三结合的物质循环利用类型<span>:<br /><br />  &nbsp; (1) </span>以种养为主<span>, </span>发展加工业的模式<span>;<br /><br />  &nbsp; (2) </span>以加工业为主<span>, </span>发展种、养业的模式。<span><br /><br />  </span></span></p> <p align="left" style="text-align: left"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 5.</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">种、养、沼三结合的物质循环利用类型<span>: </span>其模式可借鉴唐山市丰南区胥各庄七街及北京留民营生态户式种、养、沼三结合模式。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> <p align="left" style="text-align: left"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 6.</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">种、养、加、沼四结合的物质循环利用类型。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> <p align="left" style="text-align: left"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <b>(</b></span><b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">三<span>) </span>生物相克避害的生态农业系统</span></b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"><br /> &nbsp; </span></p> <p align="left" style="text-align: left"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1.</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">以虫治虫的农业类型。<span><br /><br />  &nbsp; 2.</span>以禽鸟治虫的生态农业类型<span>, </span>其模式如<span>: (1) </span>棉田养鸡模式<span>; (2) </span>稻田养鸭模式。<span><br /><br />  &nbsp; 3.</span>以草治草、治虫的生态农业类型。<span><br /><br />  &nbsp; 4.</span>以菌治虫的生态农业类型。<span> </span></span></p> </p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"><br /><br />  &nbsp; 1.</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">种植业内部物质循环利用类型<span>: </span>该类型主要指在林业、作物及食用菌等生产体系中的物质多级循环利用。主要模式有<span>:<br /><br />  &nbsp; (1) </span>作物<span>&mdash;</span>食用菌循环模式<span>;<br /><br />  &nbsp; (2) </span>林木<span>&mdash;</span>食用菌循环模式。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> </span><b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">一<span>) </span>生物主体共生的生态农业系统</span></b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"> </span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">立体种植模型<span>&mdash; &mdash;</span>根据生态系统中栽培作物的种类和空间组合可分为若干模式<span>:<br /><br />  &nbsp; (1) </span>农作物的间作、套作和轮作模式<span>;<br /><br />  &nbsp; (2) </span>林、粮间作的立体种植模式<span>;<br /><br />  &nbsp; (3) </span>林、药间作模式<span>;&nbsp;<br /><br />  &nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;(4) </span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">庭院立体种植模式。<span><br /><br />  &nbsp;</span></span> </span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"><br /><br />  </span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">可归纳为以下几个步骤<span>:<br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> </p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;(</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">五<span>) </span>保护环境、改善生态环境原则<span><br /><br />  &nbsp; </span>发展生态农业必须与涵养水土、防止污染、保护资源、改善生态联系起来。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> </p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp; &nbsp; (</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">四<span>) </span>物质循环、多级利用原则<span><br /><br />  &nbsp; </span>所有农业有机物质<span>, </span>包括<span>&ldquo;</span>废物<span>&rdquo;(</span>指死体、残体、排泄物<span>)</span>都实行多次利用、多级利用、循环利用和深度加工等。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span> <p>&nbsp;</p> </p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;(</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">五<span>) </span>保护环境、改善生态环境原则<span><br /><br />  &nbsp; </span>发展生态农业必须与涵养水土、防止污染、保护资源、改善生态联系起来。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> </span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">一<span>) </span>全面规划、总体协调原则<span><br /><br />  &nbsp; </span>生态农业不论规模大小<span>, </span>对山、地、水、林、村、路都应实现规划<span>, </span>作好总体布局<span>, </span>合理安排、协调农业内外各部门之间的关系<span>, </span>以期获得<span>&ldquo;</span>三个效益<span>&rdquo;</span>的同时增长。<span><br /><br />  &nbsp; </span></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 生态农业能大大提高劳动生产率、土地利用率、土地生产率和资源利用率<span>, </span>从而大大提高经济效益。生态农业能充分合理地利用、保护和增殖自然资源<span>, </span>加速物质循环和能量转化<span>,</span>有显著的生态效益。它又能为社会创造数量多、质量好的多种多样的农产品<span>, </span>满足人们对农产品不断增长的需求。因此生态农业的发展<span>, </span>必将促进整个国民经济的全面发展。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> </p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"><b>&nbsp;&nbsp; (</b></span><b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">三<span>) </span>有利于提高农业生产的综合效益<span>, </span>促进农业长期稳定地发展</span></b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"> </span> <p>&nbsp;</p> </p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 生态农业能大大提高劳动生产率、土地利用率、土地生产率和资源利用率<span>, </span>从而大大提高经济效益。生态农业能充分合理地利用、保护和增殖自然资源<span>, </span>加速物质循环和能量转化<span>,</span>有显著的生态效益。它又能为社会创造数量多、质量好的多种多样的农产品<span>, </span>满足人们对农产品不断增长的需求。因此生态农业的发展<span>, </span>必将促进整个国民经济的全面发展。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> </p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 发展生态农业<span>, </span>可以避免对自然资源掠夺式经营和滥用<span>,</span>对农业的可更新资源注意增殖<span>, </span>对不更新资源注意保护和利<span><br /> </span>用<span>, </span>使自然资源能得到持续的利用<span>, </span>促进生态良性循环<span>, </span>为农业经济发展创造良好的生态环境。<span> </span></span> <p>&nbsp;</p> </p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"><b>&nbsp;&nbsp; (</b></span><b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">三<span>) </span>有利于提高农业生产的综合效益<span>, </span>促进农业长期稳定地发展</span></b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"> </span> <p>&nbsp;</p> </p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 生态农业能大大提高劳动生产率、土地利用率、土地生产率和资源利用率<span>, </span>从而大大提高经济效益。生态农业能充分合理地利用、保护和增殖自然资源<span>, </span>加速物质循环和能量转化<span>,</span>有显著的生态效益。它又能为社会创造数量多、质量好的多种多样的农产品<span>, </span>满足人们对农产品不断增长的需求。因此生态农业的发展<span>, </span>必将促进整个国民经济的全面发展。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> </p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">生态农业吸取我国传统农业的精华和国外农业发展的经验教训<span>, </span>从我国国情出发遵照生态学的原理和应用现代科学技术方法进行农业生产<span>, </span>大大提高了农业生产水平和可持续发展的能力<span>, </span>有力地促进了农业发展战略的转移和加速农业现代化的进程。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p> </p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"><b>&nbsp;&nbsp; (</b></span><b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">一<span>) </span>为建设具有中国特色的现代农业找到一条根本途径</span></b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt"> </span> <p>&nbsp;</p> </p> <p><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: black; font-size: 10pt">生态农业吸取我国传统农业的精华和国外农业发展的经验教训<span>, </span>从我国国情出发遵照生态学的原理和应用现代科学技术方法进行农业生产<span>, </span>大大提高了农业生产水平和可持续发展的能力<span>, </span>有力地促进了农业发展战略的转移和加速农业现代化的进程。<span><br /> &nbsp; </span></span></p>
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